The Ministry has two main professional directorate, the Directorate of Information and the Directorate of Communication, each headed by a Director.

The Directorate of Information is responsible for all mass media and public education activities, while the Directorate of Communication is responsible for ICT related activities. The Ministry also has the Administrative division which is the coordinating body of the Ministry. This division is headed by the Permanent Secretary. He is the chief Adviser to the Minister on strategic planning and development of policies. He liaises with Heads of the other Directorates for expert advice, when necessary.

The main functions of the Ministry include the followings:

To ensure, through the office of the Government spokesperson, that all institutions of Government work collaboratively to achieve coherent and effective communications with the public

To prepare and produce publicity and information materials and disseminate public information locally and internationally.

To print legal, security and accounting documents as well as educational and general publicity materials for government and semi-government institutions;

To speak on behalf of the Government

Develop appropriate policies and strategies that enhance provision of innovative information and communication technology.

Spearhead the development of appropriate regulatory frameworks that facilitate the promotion and development of the information and communication technology(electronic media, broadcasting, postal services and IT) sector.

Champion and promote ICT literacy and utilization in the country in order to enhance regional and international competitiveness.

Promote and coordinate national ICT research and development.

Develop supportive and enable infrastructure to ensure equitable access to ICTs by all citizens including disadvantage groups and rural communities.

Create a conducive environment for investment in the areas of ICTs through public private partnerships.

Represent the Government of Sierra Leone on all matters relating to the ICT sector.

The Ministry also performs oversight roles on agencies and departments that relates to the functions of the Ministry.
These include:

Independent media commission(IMC)

Right to access information commission(RAIC)

National Telecommunications Commission(NATCOM)

Sierra Leone Postal Services(SALPOST)        

Sierra Leone Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC)